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大数据量分页存储过程效率测试附代码
http://www.yd-itedu.com/  添加日期:10-02-21 11:31:00  来源:    进入论坛

在项目中,我们经常遇到或用到分页,那么在大数据量(百万级以上)下,哪种分页算法效率最优呢?我们不妨用事实说话。


测试环境

硬件:CPU 酷睿双核T5750  内存:2G
软件:Windows server 2003    +   Sql server 2005

OK,我们首先创建一数据库:data_Test,并在此数据库中创建一表:tb_TestTable
 create database data_Test  --创建数据库data_Test
GO
use data_Test
GO
create table tb_TestTable   --创建表
(
    id int identity(1,1) primary key,
    userName nvarchar(20) not null,
    userPWD nvarchar(20) not null,
    userEmail nvarchar(40) null
)
GO
然后我们在数据表中插入2000000条数据:
--插入数据
set identity_insert tb_TestTable on
declare @count int
set @count=1
while @count<=2000000
begin 
    insert into tb_TestTable(id,userName,userPWD,userEmail) values
                       (@count,'admin','admin888','lli0077@yahoo.com.cn')
    set @count=@count+1
end
set identity_insert tb_TestTable off

我首先写了五个常用存储过程

1,利用select top 和select not in进行分页,具体代码如下:
 create procedure proc_paged_with_notin  --利用select top and select not in
(
    @pageIndex int,  --页索引
    @pageSize int    --每页记录数
)
as
begin
    set nocount on;
    declare @timediff datetime --耗时
    declare @sql nvarchar(500)
    select @timediff=Getdate()
    set @sql='select top '+str(@pageSize)+' * from tb_TestTable where(ID not in(select top '+str(@pageSize*@pageIndex)+' id from tb_TestTable order by ID ASC)) order by ID'
    execute(@sql)  --因select top后不支技直接接参数,所以写成了字符串@sql
    select datediff(ms,@timediff,GetDate()) as 耗时
    set nocount off;
end
2,利用select top 和 select max(列键)
 create procedure proc_paged_with_selectMax  --利用select top and select max(列)
(
    @pageIndex int,  --页索引
    @pageSize int    --页记录数
)
as
begin
set nocount on;
    declare @timediff datetime
    declare @sql nvarchar(500)
    select @timediff=Getdate()
    set @sql='select top '+str(@pageSize)+' * From tb_TestTable where(ID>(select max(id) From (select top '+str(@pageSize*@pageIndex)+' id From tb_TestTable order by ID) as TempTable)) order by ID'
    execute(@sql)
    select datediff(ms,@timediff,GetDate()) as 耗时
set nocount off;
end
3,利用select top和中间变量--此方法因网上有人说效果最佳,所以贴出来一同测试
create procedure proc_paged_with_Midvar  --利用ID>最大ID值和中间变量
(
    @pageIndex int,
    @pageSize int
)
as
    declare @count int
    declare @ID int
    declare @timediff datetime
    declare @sql nvarchar(500)
begin
set nocount on;
    select @count=0,@ID=0,@timediff=getdate()
    select @count=@count+1,@ID=case when @count<=@pageSize*@pageIndex then ID else @ID end from tb_testTable order by id
    set @sql='select top '+str(@pageSize)+' * from tb_testTable where ID>'+str(@ID)
    execute(@sql)
    select datediff(ms,@timediff,getdate()) as 耗时
set nocount off;
end
4,利用Row_number() 此方法为SQL server 2005中新的方法,利用Row_number()给数据行加上索引
 create procedure proc_paged_with_Rownumber  --利用SQL 2005中的Row_number()
(
    @pageIndex int,
    @pageSize int
)
as
    declare @timediff datetime
begin
set nocount on;
    select @timediff=getdate()
    select * from (select *,Row_number() over(order by ID asc) as IDRank from tb_testTable) as IDWithRowNumber where IDRank>@pageSize*@pageIndex and IDRank<@pageSize*(@pageIndex+1)
    select datediff(ms,@timediff,getdate()) as 耗时
set nocount off;
end
5,利用临时表及Row_number
 create procedure proc_CTE  --利用临时表及Row_number
(
    @pageIndex int,  --页索引
    @pageSize int    --页记录数
)
as
    set nocount on;
    declare @ctestr nvarchar(400)
    declare @strSql nvarchar(400)
    declare @datediff datetime
begin
    select @datediff=GetDate()
    set @ctestr='with Table_CTE as
        &n;[FS:PAGE]bsp;       (select ceiling((Row_number() over(order by ID ASC))/'+str(@pageSize)+') as page_num,* from tb_TestTable)';
    set @strSql=@ctestr+' select * From Table_CTE where page_num='+str(@pageIndex)
end
    begin
        execute sp_executesql @strSql
        select datediff(ms,@datediff,GetDate())
    set nocount off;
    end


OK,至此,存储过程创建完毕,我们分别在每页10条数据的情况下在第2页,第1000页,第10000页,第100000页,第199999页进行测试,耗时单位:ms  每页测试5次取其平均值
存过第2页耗时第1000页第10000页第100000页第199999页效率排行
1用not in0ms16ms47ms475ms953ms3
2用select max5ms16ms35ms325ms623ms1
3中间变量966ms970ms960ms945ms933ms5
4row_number0ms0ms34ms365ms710ms2
5临时表780ms796ms798ms780ms805ms4


测试结果显示:

输出窗口复制  保存
select max >row_number>not in>临时表>中间变量
于是我对效率最高的select max方法用2分法进行了扩展,代码取自互联网,我修改了ASC排序时取不到值的BUG,测试结果:
存过第2页耗时第1000页第10000页第100000页第199999页效率排行
2分法156ms156ms180ms470ms156ms1*

从测试结果来看,使用2分法确实可以提高效率并使效率更为稳定,我又增加了第159999页的测试,用时仅296ms,效果相当的不错!

下面是2分法使用select max的代码,已相当完善。
 --/*-----存储过程 分页处理 孙伟 2005-03-28创建 -------*/
--/*-----存储过程 分页处理 浪尘 2008-9-1修改----------*/
--/*----- 对数据进行了2分处理使查询前半部分数据与查询后半部分数据性能相同 -------*/

alter PROCEDURE proc_paged_2part_selectMax
(
@tblName     nvarchar(200),        ----要显示的表或多个表的连接
@fldName     nvarchar(500) = '*',    ----要显示的字段列表
@pageSize    int = 10,        ----每页显示的记录个数
@page        int = 1,        ----要显示那一页的记录
@fldSort    nvarchar(200) = null,    ----排序字段列表或条件
@Sort        bit = 0,        ----排序方法,0为升序,1为降序(如果是多字段排列Sort指代最后一个排序字段的排列顺序(最后一个排序字段不加排序标记)--程序传参如:' SortA Asc,SortB Desc,SortC ')
@strCondition    nvarchar(1000) = null,    ----查询条件,不需where
@ID        nvarchar(150),        ----主表的主键
@Dist                 bit = 0,           ----是否添加查询字段的 DISTINCT 默认0不添加/1添加
@pageCount    int = 1 output,            ----查询结果分页后的总页数
@Counts    int = 1 output                ----查询到的记录数
)
AS
SET NOCOUNT ON
Declare @sqlTmp nvarchar(1000)        ----存放动态生成的SQL语句
Declare @strTmp nvarchar(1000)        ----存放取得查询结果总数的查询语句
Declare @strID     nvarchar(1000)        ----存放取得查询开头或结尾ID的查询语句

Declare @strSortType nvarchar(10)    ----数据排序规则A
Declare @strFSortType nvarchar(10)    ----数据排序规则B

Declare @SqlSelect nvarchar(50)         ----对含有DISTINCT的查询进行SQL构造
Declare @SqlCounts nvarchar(50)          ----对含有DISTINCT的总数查询进行SQL构造

declare @timediff datetime  --耗时测试时间差
select @timediff=getdate()

if @Dist  = 0
begin
    set @SqlSelect = 'select '
    set @SqlCounts = 'Count(*)'
end
else
begin
    set @SqlSelect = 'select distinct '
    set @SqlCounts = 'Count(DISTINCT '+@ID+')'
end


if @Sort=0
begin
    set @strFSortType=' ASC '
    set @strSortType=' DESC '
end
else
begin
    set @strFSortType=' DESC '
    set @strSortType=' ASC '
end

--------生成查询语句--------
--此处@strTmp为取得查询结果数量的语句
if @strCondition is null or @strCondition=''     --没有设置显示条件
begin
    set @sqlTmp =  @fldName + ' From ' + @tblName
    set @strTmp = @SqlSelect+' @Counts='+@SqlCounts+' FROM '+@tblName
    set @strID = ' From ' + @tblName
end
else
begin
    set @sqlTmp = + @fldName + 'From ' + @tblN[FS:PAGE]ame + ' where (1>0) ' + @strCondition
    set @strTmp = @SqlSelect+' @Counts='+@SqlCounts+' FROM '+@tblName + ' where (1>0) ' + @strCondition
    set @strID = ' From ' + @tblName + ' where (1>0) ' + @strCondition
end

----取得查询结果总数量-----
exec sp_executesql @strTmp,N'@Counts int out ',@Counts out
declare @tmpCounts int
if @Counts = 0
    set @tmpCounts = 1
else
    set @tmpCounts = @Counts

    --取得分页总数
    set @pageCount=(@tmpCounts+@pageSize-1)/@pageSize

    /**当前页大于总页数 取最后一页**/
    if @page>@pageCount
        set @page=@pageCount

    --/*-----数据分页2分处理-------*/
    declare @pageIndex int --总数/页大小
    declare @lastcount int --总数%页大小 

    set @pageIndex = @tmpCounts/@pageSize
    set @lastcount = @tmpCounts%@pageSize
    if @lastcount > 0
        set @pageIndex = @pageIndex + 1
    else
        set @lastcount = @pagesize

    --//***显示分页
    if @strCondition is null or @strCondition=''     --没有设置显示条件
    begin
        if @pageIndex<2 or @page<=@pageIndex / 2 + @pageIndex % 2   --前半部分数据处理
            begin 
                if @page=1
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName                        
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType
                else
                begin
                    if @Sort=1
                    begin                    
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' <(select min('+ @ID +') from ('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-1) as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType+') AS TBMinID)'
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType
                    end
                    else
                    begin
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' >(select max('+ @ID +') from ('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-1) as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType+') AS TBMinID)'
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType 
&nbs;[FS:PAGE]p;                   end
                end    
            end
        else
            begin
            set @page = @pageIndex-@page+1 --后半部分数据处理
                if @page <= 1 --最后一页数据显示                
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@lastcount as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType 
                else
                    if @Sort=1
                    begin
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' >(select max('+ @ID +') from('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-2)+@lastcount as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TBMaxID)'
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType
                    end
                    else
                    begin
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' <(select min('+ @ID +') from('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-2)+@lastcount as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TBMaxID)'
                        +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType 
                    end
            end
    end

    else --有查询条件
    begin
        if @pageIndex<2 or @page<=@pageIndex / 2 + @pageIndex % 2   --前半部分数据处理
        begin
                if @page=1
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName                        
                        +' where[FS:PAGE] 1=1 ' + @strCondition + ' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType
                else if(@Sort=1)
                begin                    
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' <(select min('+ @ID +') from ('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-1) as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' where (1=1) ' + @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType+') AS TBMinID)'
                        +' '+ @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType
                end
                else
                begin
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' >(select max('+ @ID +') from ('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-1) as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' where (1=1) ' + @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType+') AS TBMinID)'
                        +' '+ @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType 
                end           
        end
        else
        begin 
            set @page = @pageIndex-@page+1 --后半部分数据处理
            if @page <= 1 --最后一页数据显示
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@lastcount as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where (1=1) '+ @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType                     
            else if(@Sort=1)
                    set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' >(select max('+ @ID +') from('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-2)+@lastcount as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' where (1=1) '+ @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TBMaxID)'
                        +' '+ @strCondition+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType    
            else
          [FS:PAGE]          set @strTmp=@SqlSelect+' * from ('+@SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize as VARCHAR(4))+' '+ @fldName+' from '+@tblName
                        +' where '+@ID+' <(select min('+ @ID +') from('+ @SqlSelect+' top '+ CAST(@pageSize*(@page-2)+@lastcount as Varchar(20)) +' '+ @ID +' from '+@tblName
                        +' where (1=1) '+ @strCondition +' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TBMaxID)'
                        +' '+ @strCondition+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strSortType+') AS TempTB'+' order by '+ @fldSort +' '+ @strFSortType            
        end    
    end

------返回查询结果-----
exec sp_executesql @strTmp
select datediff(ms,@timediff,getdate()) as 耗时
--print @strTmp
SET NOCOUNT OFF
GO

执行示例:
exec proc_paged_2part_selectMax 'tb_testTable','ID,userName,userPWD,userEmail',10,100000,'ID',0,null,'ID',0
这种测试只在单机进行,并且没有在实际开发WEB项目中分页测试,测试项也比较单一,所以不够全面系统,但从其效率相比上,我们可以在数据库分页算法上进行有效的控制。

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